In order to move society forward, people need to integrate knowledge and research aimed at promoting drinking water. The topics on water research that are being addressed include determining the nutritional and risk aspects of drinking water. This article looks at the importance of doing water research.
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Regulations and treatments may drive practices when it comes to production of drinking water. However, most consumers judge water on the basis of odor, visual qualities and taste, as opposed to quality parameters or treatment. Sustainable water for consumers means it has a refreshing flavor and is safe for drinking. Too often, there is production of water using high quality standards, only for consumers to dislike the taste. This makes them resort to buying bottled water or applying costly on-site treatments.
By performing water research, it is possible to come up with chemicals that do not cause undesirable flavor to drinking water. Also, chemicals are found that give water a refreshing taste. Through research, consumers can improve their preferences as well as ability to discriminate between water flavors. They also get to know metal speciation and the effects it has on flavor perception. This means they can detect the amount of metals in their drinking water.
Production of safe water for drinking is the ultimate goal of water industries. However, achieving that goal at an affordable cost is increasingly becoming a challenge. In the coming 20 years, utility infrastructure spending will at least double the amount spent on treatment.
The problem of water is not limited to just the developing world. Over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution, damage to ecosystems, global and climate changes are challenging the sustainability of water systems in developed countries. This prompts the need for research and huge investments. Powerful water management tools, advanced technologies, automation, monitoring and improved instruments of source control are vital for coping with water problems.